Cigarette smoke has a negative effect on the blood flow of the skin. The carbon monoxide decreases the oxygen level, nicotine cramps the arteries and it relaxes the veins.
Critical, well-meant comments expressed shortly after surgery can have substantial impact and cause anxiety and worry.
In esthetic plastic surgery the best effort of the surgeon is no longer accepted as being adequate.
Information about the locations Voorburg (near The Hague), Delft and Amsterdam.